Garemos dacvis sakiTxebze makontrolebeli organo




НазваниеGaremos dacvis sakiTxebze makontrolebeli organo
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md. rioni

mdinare rioni udidesi mdinarea dasavleT kavkasiaSi, saTaves iRebs mTavari kavkasiis qedis samxreT ferdobidan fasis mTis ZirTan 2620 m simaRleze da erTvis Sav zRvas qalaq foTTan.

mdinaris sigrZe Seadgens 327 km, saSualo qanobia 7,2 %. xolo wyalamkrebi auzis sididea 13400 km2. auzis saSualo simaRlea 1084 m.

mdinaris ZiriTadi Senakadebia: jojora (sigrZe 50 km), yvirila (sigrZe 140 km), xaniswyali (sigrZe 57 km), cxeniswyali (sigrZe 176 km), noRela (sigrZe 59 km), texuri (sigrZe 101 km), civi (sigrZe 60 km). rva Senakadis (sakao, Ruseniswyali, lajanuri, koriswyali, sulori, kumuri, gubiswyali, xeviswyali) sigrZe meryeobs 25-dan 50km-mde, xolo 14 Senakadis sigrZe meryeobs 10-dan 25 km-mde. darCenili 355 Senakads gaaCnia sigrZe 10km da naklebi Senakadebis saerTo sigrZe Seadgens 720 km.

mdinare ikvebeba myinvarebis, Tovlis, wvimisa da gruntis wylebiT, magram kvebaSi mTavaria Tovlisa da wvimis wylebi.

mdinaris wylis reJimi xasiaTdeba gazafxul_zafxulis wyaldidobiT, rac ganpirobebulia Tovlis dnobiT da wvimebiT.

wyaldidoba xasiaTdeba xangrZlivi periodiT da iwyeba ZiriTadad martis TveSi da maqsimums aRwevs maisSi, ivnisis dasawyisSi. wyaldidoba ZiriTadad grZeldeba agvistos bolomde. seqtembris bolos aRiniSneba mdinaris donis xelaxali aweva, rac gamowveulia Semodgomis wvimebiT. dabali doneebi aRiniSneba zamTarSi.

saSualo mravalwliuri xarji quTaisTan Seadgens 134 m3/wm, maqsimaluri ki meryeobs 1140 m3/wm (1956 w.), 466 m3/wm (1965 w.).

minimaluri xarji meryeobs 57,2 m3/wm (1941 w.), 16,0 m3/wm (1955w).

Camonadenis udidesi nawili modis gazafxulze 39%, Semodgomaze 18%, zamTarze 20%. maRalwyliania maisi Tve, xolo mcirewyliania ianvari.

raionis wyali xasiaTdeba SedarebiT maRali simRvriviT. q.quTaisTan simRvrive meryeobs 55000 gr/m3 (1953 w.) 260 gr/m3 (1947w) ativnarebuli masis wliuri sidide Seadgens 4900 aTas tonas.

mdinaris wyali xasiaTdeba saSualo mineralizaciiT (150_300 mg/l), ionuri SemadgenlobiT miekuTvneba hidrokarbonatul klass. wylis sixiste meryeobs 1,4_3,34 mg/eqvivalenti.s

rionis wyali xasiaTdeba saSualo marilianobiT (150-300 mg/l) da ionuri Semadgenlobis mixedviT hidrokarbonatul klass miekuTvneba. wyali mdidaria JangbadiT. gamWirvaleba ar aRemateba 2-3 sm-s.

mdinaris fskeri SesarTavs zemoT 85-90 km-ze aris qviSiani, ufro maRla Tixiani.

wylis maRali amRvreva da wylis Cqari dineba gansazRvravs fitoplanqtonisa da zooplanqtonis sustad ganviTarebas. aseve sustadaa ganviTarebuli zoobenTosic.

rioni zuTxisebrTa mdinarea. zuTxisebrTa zona iwyeba sofel varcixidan da grZeldeba daaxloebiT 10 km. kolxuri kobrisa da forejis qviriToba SeiniSneba rionis SenakadSi cxeniswyalSi. zuTxisebrTa Semosvla emTxveva wylis temperaturis zrdas (marti _ aprili).

rionSi saqviriTed Semodis zuTxisebrTa xuTive saxeoba: svia, kolxuri zuTxi, atlantikuri zuTxi, foreji da jaraRana. zuTxisebrTa adgilebSi gavrcelebulia loqo, gamsvlel TevzebTan erTad aq aris kobri, wiTelfarfla, kolxuri wvera, qariylapia, mcire vimba, baTumuri Samaia, Werexi, samxreTuli frita da amierkavkasiuri fetvia, karCxana, sazani da sxva.

Savi zRvis samxreT-aRmosavleT regionSi mdinare rioni zuTxisebrTa ojaxis erTad-erTi saqviriTe mdinarea.


mdinare rionis saSualo wliuri dabinZurebis maCveneblebi


#


maCveneblebi

quTaisTan


samtrediasTan

1

Sewonili nawilakebi

81,6

72,3

2

PH


6,74

8,8

3

gaxsnili Jangbadi

7,84

7,62

4

qloridebi

5,1

5,7

5

sulfatebi

30,2

31,1

6

nitritebi

1,36

1,93

7

saerTo rkina

0,31

0,39

8

J.b.m.

2,85

2,55

9

navTproduqtebi

0,59

0,47

10

zed. aqtiuri nivTierebebi

0,10

0,12




  • md. wyalwiTela


mdinare wyalwiTela saTaves iRebs naqeralas qedis Crdilo-dasavleT ferdobze, sof. soCxeTidan aRmosavleTiT, 3 km-is daSorebiT. zRvis donidan 1080 metris simarleze da uerTdeba md. yvirilas marjvena mxaridan, SesarTavamde 3 km-is daSorebiT. mdinaris sigrZe 49 km-ia. wyalSemkrebi auzis farTobi 239 m2. saSualo simaRliT 440 m. zRvis donidan.

auzi simetriulia, reliefi mTagoriania. masSi Caedineba 196 mdinare, maTgan yvelaze didia mTisWala (sigrZe-12 km) da Wala (sigrZe –18km.).

mdinaris sigane icvleba 3-idan 34 metramde. saSualo 10 m. siRrme meryeobs 0,1 dan 1 m.mde, saSualo siRrmea 0,4 metri. mdinaris siCqare mTel dinebaSi ar aWarbebs 1 m/wams.

wyali ikvebeba gruntisa da zedapiruli wylebiT, amitom misi reJimi ganisazRvreba teritoriis klimaturi pirobebiT.

md. wyalwiTelas saSualoTviuri xarji icvleba 0,22 dan 23,6 m3/wamamde. udidesi xarji dafiqsirebulia 242 m3/wami, umciresi Seadgens 0,02 m3/wams.



  • atmosferuli haeris xarisxi


saqarTvelos msxvil industriul centrebSi (Tbilisi, rusTavi, kaspi, gardabani, zestafoni, quTaisi, tyvarCeli, baTumi dasxva) sxvadasxva periodebSi funqcionirebda atmosferos dabinZurebaze dakvirvebis qselis saguSagoebi (postebi) maTze warmoebda mavne koncentraciebis yoveldRiuri samjeradi gazomva. ukanasknel wlebSi mniSvnelovnad SeizRuda srulyofili dakvirvebebis warmoebis SesaZlebloba. amsaTan, aRsaniSnavia isic, rom ukanasknel periodSi mniSvnelovnad daeca samrewvelo obieqtebisagan garemos mdgomareobaze datvirTvis maxasiaTebelTa mniSvnelobebic. aqedan gamomdinare, aucilebelia gaTvaliswinebuli iqnes dasaxlebuli punqtis infrastruqturis ukve realizebuli, adrindeli maCveneblebisaTvis miRweuli garemosdabinZurebis maqsimaluri maxasiaTeblebi, rac realurad asaxavs SeCerebuli sawarmoo potencialis sruli amoqmedebis SemTxvevisaTvis garemos mdgomareobas.

saqarTvelos statistikis saxelmwifo departamentis mier gamoqveynebuli monacemebis Tanaxmad 1990 wels aRiniSneboda atmosferuli haeris maqsimaluri dabinZureba anTropogenuri datvirTvidan gamomdinare, xolo 1995-2000wlebSi dabinZurebis maxasiaTebelTa mniSvnelobebi sagrZnoblad dabalia.

mavne nivTierebebis gamofrqvevebis maCveneblebi

atmosferoSi gafrevuli mavne nivTierebaTa jamuri maCvenebeli

t

weli


1990


1995


1996


1997


1998


1999


2000

sul

1248.5

274.3

323.8

342.1

388.8

199.8

130.8

stacionaluri wyaroebidan

354.1

25.4

14.6

15.3

13.9

15.1

18.6

avtotransportis mier

894.4

248.9

309.2

326.8

374.9

184.7

112.2


fonuri koncemtraciebis mniSvnelobebi, romlebzec gadameteba ar aRemateba SemTxvevaTa 5%-s, ganisazRvreba cal-calke StilisaTvis (qaris siCqare 0-2m/wm)da qaris sxvadasxva mimarTulebisaTvis.

dasaxlebuli punqtebis mtvriT dabinZurebis sakiTxis Seswavla gansakuTrebul xasiaTs iZens imis, gamo, rom atmosferuli haeris am damabinZurebeli faqtoris warmoSoba ar aris mxolod adamianis saqmianobis Sedegi, aq mniSvnelovania bunebrivi procesebis Sedegad warmoqmnili da SemdgomSi atmosferuli cirkulaciis dinamikiTa da meteorologiuri movlenebiT dafiqsirebuli suraTis dadgena.


ZiriTadi landaSaftebi


  • flora da fauna


mcenareuli safaris simdidre da mravalferovneba ganpirobebulia fizikur-geografiuli da klimaturi pirobebiT, zona ganicdis okeanuri hiperhumiduri havis zegavlenas. garda amisa reliefis konfiguracia aZlierebs mezoklimatis kontrastulobas.

sawarmos teritoria mdebareoba quTaisi-baRdaTis saavtomobilo gzis marjvena mxares. teritoriis samxreT-aRmosalleTiT mdebareobs «ajameTis nakrZali «  romlis saerTo farTobi 3400 heqtaria. nakrZalSi ZiriTadad gavrcelebulia imeruli da qarTuli muxa, SigadaSig aris Zelqva, rcxila, murynari da sxva saxeobis xeebi.

teritoriis CrdiloeTiT mdebareobs muxnaris (saRoriis) tye, romlis farTobi 480 heqtaria.

aRniSnuli teritoria moqceulia Savi zRvis subtropikuli notio klimatis areSi, gamoxatulia mcenareulobis TiTqmis yvela sartyeli. gabatonebulia kolxuri tyis mcenareuloba. ZiriTadi teritoria ukavia Sereul-farTofoTlovan tyeebs, romelsac qmnis : muxa, wabli, wifeli da rcxila. xSirad maTSi Sereulia muryani, cacxvi da sxva. kolxuri tyis mTavari Tavisebureba (riTac kolxuri tye reliefurad gamoirCeva dasavleT evraziis sxva tyeebis fonze) misi qvetyea. am specifikur iaruss qmnis naxevrad garTxmuli maradmwvane buCqebi: Sqeri, wyavi, baZgi, Zmerxli, mxviara maradmwvane mcenare – kolxuri suro da sxva. swored maradmwvane qvetye aZlevs kolxeTisa da misi mosazRvre mxareebis tyeebs Tavisebur, subtropikul iers.

maradmwvane mcenareebis garda kolxuri qvetyis mSvenebaa farTod gavrcelebuli ieli, kavkasiuri anu maRali mocvi, mo-lozana, imeruli xerWrela da zogierTi sxva. kolxuri qvetyis buCqebi miekuTvnebian saqarTvelos dendrofloris im saxeobaTa sakmaod mravalricxovan jgufs, romlebic mesameuli (Tbili da teniani klimatis periodis) ufro sworad neogenuri reliqtebis saxeliTaa cnobili.

sawarmos ganTavsebis raionSi, mdinareTa napirebis gaswvriv gavrcelebulia Waobebis periferiuli zoli. aRniSnul landSaftSi ganviTarebuli Waobis balaxeuli mcenareebis saerTo fonze dominirebs leli da laqaSi. gacrcelebulia daWobebuli murynarisa da buCqnar-balaxovani Waobis landSaftebi. daWaobebul murynarebis landSaftis mcenareul safarSi dominantis rols muryani asrulebs, romelic qmnis dabal bonitetisn tyeebs (xe mcenareebis simaRle 10 metrs ar aRemateba).

met wil SemTxvevebSi buCqnar-balaxovani Waobebis landSafti meoradi (anTropogenuli) warmoSobisaa.

kolxeTis dablobis ladSaftebis mravalgvaroba ganapirobebs massi mobinadre veluri faunis mravalgvarobas. gavrcelebulia 109 saxeobis ZuZumwovari cxoveli, 304 –ze meti saxeobis frinveli, 54 saxeobis qvewarmavali, 12 saxeobis amfibia (anu myvari) da daaxloebiT 142 saxeobis zRvisa da mtknari wylis Tevzi. uxerxemlo cxovelTa saxeobis zusti ricxvi daudgenelia.

reliefis vrceli farTobebi ganapirobebs iSviaTi saxeobis cxovelebis arsebobis ukeTes pirobebs. jer kidev SemorCenilia SedarebiT mdgradi populaciebi : mura daTvi, mgeli, tura, Sveli, arCvi, trinvelTagan aRsaniSnavia kavkasiuri roWo, tyis beRurasnairTa ojaxis mravaricxovani warmomadgenlebi da mtacebel frinvelTa ramdenime saxeoba.

adgilobrivi faunis yvelaze saintereso Taviseburebaa dasavleT kavkasiis teniani biomebisaTvis damaxasiaTebel saxeobaTa didi raodenoba mesameuli periodis gadmonaSTi wiTel mucliani xvliki, kavkasiuri salamandra, kavkasiuri bayayi, kavkasiuri ruxi gombeSo, romlebic izolirebul jgufebad binadroben bevr vsxva saxeobebTan erTad. aqve gvxvdeba momcro ZuZumwovrebis kavkasiuri endemuri saxeobebi.

kavkasionze gadis mravali saxeobis mtacebeli, wyalmcuravi da beRurasnairTa ojaxis frinvelebis samigracio gza.

bunebrivi, anTropogenuli da sxva faqtorebis zemoqmedebis Sedegad gavrcelebul saxeobebis didi nawili iSviaTi da gadaSenebis piras myofia da Setanilia saqarTvelos wiTel wignSi. aseTebia: atlanturi zuTxebi, frinvelebidan Savi yarayati, ruxi wero, didi TeTri yanCa, TeTrkuda arwivi. ZiZu mwovrebidan: Sveli, arCvi, wavi, rades biga, xuWuWa varxvi, RalRa, afalina, zRvis Rori.


III- 2. gamoyenebuli bunebrivi resursebi


  • sawarmos ZiriTadi nedleulia qviSa-xreSi, romelsac igi moipovebs licenzirebul karierebze.

  • mopovebu li qviSa xreSis wliuri moculobaa 48 000 m3.

  • qviSa-xreSis gamdidrebisa da RorRis misaRebad aucilebelia teqnikuri wyali, romelsac sawarmo iRebs mdinare yviriladan satumbi sadguris saSualebiT. sawarmos warmadobis Sesabamisad teqnikuri wylis savaraudo xarjia 389 760 m3/wel anu 203 m3/sT-Si.

  • asfaltis sawarmoeblad aucilebeli komponentia biTumi, romelsac sawarmo SeiZens moTxovnilebis Sesabamisad. warmadobis Sesabamisad sawarmos weliwadSi dasWirdeba 3465 t biTumi.

  • sawarmoSi gamoyenebuli erT-erTi nedleulia agreTve mineraluri fxvnili, romelsac igi SeiZens saWiroebis Sesabamisad. mineraluri fxvnilis savaraudo moTxovnileba iqneba 4620 t/wel.

  • asfaltis warmoebisaTvis gamoyenebulia saTbob-energetikuli resursebi. bunebrivi airi – sawarmoSi Semodis centraluri magistrslidan, misi savaraudo moculobaa 75075 m3/wel.

  • energo momarageba xorcieldeba uaxloesi qvesadguridan, romlis aRricxvac warmoebs damontaJebuli mricxvelis saSualebiT.

  • garda aRniSnulisa gamoyenebulia miwis resursebi, teritoria, romelzedac ganTavsebulia sawarmo da qviSa-xreSis karierebi.






T a v i IV



  • garemoze zemoqmedeba

  • atmosferuli haeri

  • wylis resursebi

  • narCenebis marTva

  • socialur faqtorebze zemoqmedeba






IV-1 saqmianobis Sedegad mosalodneli negatiuri zemoqmedeba


s.s transvestinJineringi-12 s sawarmoo procesi Sedgeba ori ZiriTadi etapisagan: qviSa-xreSis gamdidreba da asfaltis momzadeba. orive etapze mosalodnelia garemoze uaryofiTi zemoqmedeba.


  • qviSa-xreSis gamdidrebis procesSi gamoiyeneba didi raodenobiT teqnikuri wyali - SesaZlebelia mdinaris dabinZureba Camdinare wylebiT.

  • asfaltis warmoebaSi gamoyenebulia mineraluri fxvnili romlis garemoSi gafantva gamoiwvevs atmosferos da niadagis dabinZurebas.

  • teqnologiuri procesidan gamomdinare SesaZlebelia biTumisa da navTobproduqtebis daRvra – rac gamoiwvevs niadagis dabinZurebas.

  • asfaltis mmwarmoebel danadgarze damontaJebuli aspiraciuli sistemis mwyobridan gamosvla gamoiwvevs – atmosferuli haeris dabinZurebas.

  • saqvabeSi saTbobad gamoyenebulia bunebrivi airi – wvis reJimis darRveva gamoiwvevs atmosferos dabinZurebas.

  • sawarmoSi warmoiqmneba sawarmoo da sayofacxovrebo narCenebi romelmac SesaZlebelia – daabinZuros niadagi, zedapiruli da miwisqvesa wylebi.

  • sawarmoSi warmoiqmneba sayofacxovrebo da sawarmoo Camdinare wylebi, romlebmac SesaZlebelia daabinZuros – zedapiruli da miwisqveSa wlebi.

  • sawarmoSi nedleulisa da sxva masalebis Semozidvisa da gazidvis dros SesaZlebelia – garemos dabinZureba avtotransportis gamonabolqviTa da xmauriT.



IV – 1 zemoqmedebis saxeebi


sawarmo funqcionirebis dros ZiriTadad zegavlenas moaxdens atmosferul haerze da zedapirul wylebze.

teritoriaze damontaJebulia asfaltis qarxnisa da qviSa xreSis gamamdidrebeli xazi. asfaltis Semrevi danadgari aRWurvilia gamwnendi sistemiT. gamoyenebulia mSrali gawmendis meTodi*. gawmendili airis garemoSi gafrqveva xdeba milis saSualebiT.

sawarmoSi teqnikuri wyali gamoiyeneba qviSa-xreSis gasarecxad, Camdinare wylebisaTvis sawarmoSi mowyobilia teqnikuri wylis gamwmendi mowyobiloba, romlis gavlis Semdegac xdeba Camdinare wylebis zedapirul wyalsatevSi CaSveba.

sawarmoSi yvela teqnologiuri procesi mimdinareobs Ria cis qveS, teqnologiaSi ar gamoiyeneba saSiSi da toqsikuri nivTierebebi, rac maqsimalurad gamoricxavs niadagis dabinZurebas. teritoria mTlianad SemoRobilia maRali betonis RobiT, rac gamoricxavs sxvadasxva nivTierebebis teritoriis gareT gafantvas.





atmosferuli haeris dacva


sawarmodan gafrqveuli mavne nivTierebebis raodenobrivi da xarisxobrivi maCveneblebis gansazRvra

manqanuri gaangariSebis Sedegebis analizi

-xmauri




S e s a v a l i


atmosferuli haeris dacvis nawili Sedgenilia @@ garemos dacvis Sesaxeb’’, “garemosdacviTi nebarTvebis Sesaxeb” da “atmosferuli haeris dacvis Sesaxeb “saqarTvelos kanonebis moTxovnaTa Sesabamisad da moicavs informacias, romelic aucilebelia garemosdacviTi nebarTvis gacemis Sesaxeb gadawyvetilebis misaRebad. warmodgenil dokumentaciaSi ganxilulia obieqtis funqcionirebis Sedegad atmosferul haerze zemoqmedebis raodenobrivi da xarisxobrivi maCveneblebi.

angariSi nawarmoebia moqmedi normatiul-teqnikuri, meTodologiuri dokumentebis gaTvaliswinebiT.

gamoyenebulia manqanuri programa “ekologi”. (mavne nivTierebaTa gabnevis gaangariSeba.)


sawarmos mier atmosferul haerSi gafrqveul mavne nivTierebaTa daxasiaTeba


sawamoSi mimdinare teqnologiur process Tan sdevs mavne nivTierebebis warmoqmna, gamoyofa da gafrqveva atmosferoSi.

sawarmos saxvadasxva ubanze gafrqveuli iqneba:

  • mtveri-(qvis, araorganuli) misi zRvrulad dasaSvebi koncentracia-0,3mg/m3ia.

  • azotis (IV) oqsidi-(sawvavis wvis produqti)misi zRvrulad dasaSvebi koncentracia(maqsimaluri erTjaradi) Seadgens-0,085mg/m3-s

  • naxSirJangi- -(sawvavis wvis produqtebi) misi zRvrulad dasaSvebi koncentracia Seadgens- 5mg/m3-s.

  • najeri naxSirwyalbadebi-(wvis produqti, a/gasamarTi), misi zRvrulad dasaSvebi koncentracia Seadgens 1 mg/ m3-s.

  • gogirdwyalbadi-(romelic Sedis dizelis orTqlis SemadgenlobaSi0,28%) misi zRvrulad dasaSvebi koncentracia Seadgens0,008mg/m3-s.

atmosferul haerSi gafrqveul mavne nivTierebaTa CamonaTvali

mavne

nivTirebaTa dasaxeleba

zRvrulad dasaSvebi koncentracia mg/m3

mavneobis

saSiSroebis klasi

mavne

nivTierebaTa atmosferul

haerSi gafrqveva

t/weli

maqsimaluri

erTjeradi

zdk, mg/m3

saSualo dRe-Ramuri

zdk, mg.m3

1

2

3

4

5

mtveri

(araorganuli)

0,3

-

2

26,635

azotis orJangi

0,085

0,04

2

2,582

naxSirbadi oqsidi

5

3

4

30,472

naxSirwyalbadebi

1

-

4

0,0011



mavne nivTierebaTa garemoSi gamoyofis wyaroebis inventarizaciis Sedegebi

sawarmos teqnologiuri reglamentidan gamomdinare identificirebuli iqneba atmosferuli haerSi mavne nivTierebaTa gamoyofis 2 organizebuli da ori araorganizebuli wyaro.

gamoyofis organizebuli wyaroebia:

  • #0001-orTqlis qvabi(1cali)

  • #0002-asfaltis Semrevi danadgari(1 cali)

aqedan:

# 0002 wyarodan gamoyofili mavne airmtvernarevi gamwovi ventilatoris saSualebiT gaiwoveba, gaivlis gamwmend sistemas (mSrali, jgufuri cikloni-4cali) da sakvame milis (g-2) saSualebiT gaifrqveva atmosferul haerSi.

gamoyofis araorganizebuli wyaroebi:

#5001-СMD 26/27 _ qvis samsxvrevi

#5002 -СMD 26/27 - qvis samsxvrevi

#5003 -СMD 26/27 _ qvis samsxvrevi

#5004- СMD 109 _ qvis samsxvrevi

#5005 -СMD 109 _ qvis samsxvrevi

#5006 -СMD 120 _ qvis samsxvrevi


aRniSnuli wyaroebidan mtvris gamoyofa moxdeba araorganizebulad, gamoyofis parametrebis identurobis gamo gafrqveva gaangariSebuli iqneba gafrqvevis erTi g-3 wyarodan.(jamuri monacemebis safuZvelze)

$ #5007-gamoyofis araorganizebul wyarod CaiTvleba sawvavis (dizelis) miwiszeda rezervuari. gafrqveva iangariSeba g-4 wayarodan.


  • g-1 wyarodan gafrqveva xdeba milis saSualebiT, romlis simaRle -12,0 m-ia. kveTis diametri 0,5m. igi warmoadgens wertilovani dabinZurebis wyaros. airnarevis gamosvlis siCqare 4,8 m/wm.-ia. moculoba-0,94m3/wm-Si, xolotemperatura 1050-ia.

  • g-2 wyarodan mavne nivTierebebis gafrqveva xdeba milis saSualebiT, romlis simaRle-18m-ia kveTis diametri 1,00m. igi warmoadgens wertilovani dabinZurebis wyaros. airnarevis gamosvlis siCqare 8,3 m/wm.-ia. moculoba-6,58m3/wm-Si, xolo temperatura 1200-ia.

  • g-3 wyarodan mavne nivTierebebis gamoyofa xdeba sveli samsxvrevebidan, gamoyofis simaRle-4m-ia, airmtvernarevis temperatura 250-ia. aRniSnuli wyaroebi warmoadgens araorganizebul gamoyofis wyaroebs.

  • g-4 wyarodan mavne nivTierebebi gafrqveva(naxSirwyalbadebi jamurad) xdeba dizelis miwiszeda rezervuaridan. romlis simaRle Seadgens 2m-s, aRniSnuli warmoadgens araorganizebul wyaros.


sawarmos mier atmosferul haerSi gafrqveul nivTierebaTa raodenobis angariSi

sawamodan damabinZurebeli nivTierebebis gamoyofis-gafrqvevis wyaroebis identifikaciis Sesabamisad mavne nivTierebebis gafrqveva iangariSeba 4 wyarodan maT Soris 2 organizebuli g-1 da g-2 gafrqvevis wyaroebidan da g-3 da g-4 araorganizebuli wyarodan.


g-1 wyarodan gafrqveuli iqneba saqvabeSi(orTqls qvabi-72m3/sT)bunebrivi airis wvis procesis Sedegad warmoqmnili mavne airnarevi.

saqvbes warmadobisa da asfaltis faqtiuri mwarmoeblurobis gaTvaliswinebiT wlis ganmavlobaSi bunebrivi airis xarji iqneba-75600m3.

bunebrivi airis wvis Sedegad:

azotis orJangis gamoyofis xvedriTi maCvenebeli 1000m3 bunebrivi airis wvis dros Seadgens-0,0036-s.

Gazotis orJangis=+75,600X0,00360,272t/wel;

Sesabamisad wamuri intensivoba iqneba:

mazotis orJangis=+0,272 X106/1050X3600=====0,072gr/wm


naxSirJangis gamoyofis xvedriTi maCvenebeli 1000m3 bunebrivi airis wvis dros Seadgens-0,0089-s.

GnaxSirJangi=+75,600X0,00890,673t/wel;

Sesabamisad wamuri intensivoba iqneba:

mnaxSirJangi0,673X106/1050X3600=====0,178gr/wm;


g-2 wyarodan asfaltis Serevi danadgaridan warmoqmnili airmtvernarevi, gaivlis mSral mtverdamWerSi(cikloni-jgufuri, sul 4 cali, saproeqto wmendis xarisxi-98%) da gaifrqveva atmosferoSi sakvamle milis saSualebiT.

dabinZurebis stacionaluri wyaroebidan atmosferul haerSi gafrqvevebis faqtobrivi raodenobis gansazRvris meTodikidan gamomdinare(muxli717. danarTi89)

asfaltis Semrevi agregatidan wmendis gareSe 1 tona asfaltis warmoebisas mtvris gamoyofis xvedriTi maCvenebeli Seadgens-22,5kg/t; maSin:

Gmtveri =+57750X22,5X10-31299,375t/wel;

Sesabamisad wamuri intensivoba iqneba:

mmtveri=+1299,375 X106/1050X3600=====343,750gr/wm

gamwmendi danadgaris gavlis Semdeg :

Gmtveri =+1299,375X(1-0,98)25,987t/wel;

Sesabamisad wamuri intensivoba iqneba:

mmtveri=+343,750 X(1-0,98)6,875gr/wm;

azotis orJangis gamoyofis xvedriTi maCvenebeli1 tona asfaltis warmoebisas Seadgens-0,040kg-s. maSin:

Gazotis orJangis=+57750X0,040X10-32,310t/wel;

Sesabamisad wamuri intensivoba iqneba:

mazotis orJangis=+2,310 X106/1050X3600=====0,611gr/wm

naxSirJangis gamoyofis xvedriTi maCvenebeli1 tona asfaltis warmoebisas Seadgens-0,516kg-s. maSin:

GnaxSirJangi=+57750X0,516X10-329,799t/wel;

Sesabamisad wamuri intensivoba iqneba:

mnaxSirJangi29,799 X106/1050X3600=====7,883gr/wm;

naxSirwyalbadebis gamoyofis xvedriTi maCvenebeli1 tona asfaltis warmoebisas Seadgens-0,00001kg-s. maSin:

GnaxSirwyalbadebi+57750X0,00001X10-30,0006t/wel;

Sesabamisad wamuri intensivoba iqneba:

mnaxSirwyalbadebi0,0006X106/1050X3600=====0,0002gr/wm;


gamoyofis araorganizebuli wyaroebidan gafrqvevebis gaangariSeba

g-3 wayrodan iangariSeba qviSa-xreSis daxarisxebis ubanze dadgmuli qvis samsxvrevebidan (#5001-#5007) gamoyofili qvis mtveris jamuri gafqveva. qviSa-qxeSis daxarisxeba mimdinareobs sveli wesiT .

dabinZurebis stacionaluri wyaroebidan atmosferul haerSi gafrqvevebis faqtobrivi raodenobis gansazRvris meTodikidan gamomdinare(muxli717. danarTi87)

qviSa-xreSis warmoebidan mtvris gamoyofis xvedriTi maCvenebeli sveli masalis msxvrevisas tolia 0,009kg/t; radgan sawarmos weliwadSi SeuZlia daamzados 48000m qviSa-xreSi (25m3/sT)amdenad:

Gmtveri =+48000X1,5X0,009X10-30,640t/wel;

Sesabamisad wamuri intensivoba iqneba:

mmtveri=+25X1,5 X0,009X10-3/3600=====0,09gr/wm


g-4 wyarodan moxdeba naxSirwyalbadebis gafrqveva

sawarmos kuTvnili avtomanqanebis avzebis Sevsebis procesSi mosalodneli gafrqvevebi Zalzed umniSvneloa.

rezervuaris moculobidan da wliuri moxmarebuli sawvavis (10000l/wl)mixedviT wlis ganmavlobaSi gafrqveuli naxSirwyalbadebis raodenoba iqneba:0,009gr/wm, 0,00053t/wel. /ixileT danarTi programuli gaangariSeba/


sawarmodan gafrqveul nivTierebaTa jamuri raodenobebi(t/wel)

#

mavne nivTierebaTa dasaxeleba

mavne nivTierebebis raodenoba t/wel

g/wm

t/wel

1

mtveri(myari)

6,969

26,635

2

azotis dioqsidi2

0,683

2,582

3

naxSirJangi

8.011

30,472

4

AnaxSirwyalbadebi



0,0092

0,0011



mosalodneli emisiis moculoba

atmosferoSi garqveul mavne nivTierebeTa SesaZlo gabnevis angariSi(meTodika)

atmosferul haerSi mavne nivTierebaTa zRvrulad dasaSvebi koncentraciis (SemdgomSi-`zdk`) normebis dadgenisaTvis unda sruldebodes Semdegi piroba.

(1)

sadac:

-atmosferos miwispira fenaSi mavne nivTierebebis gaangariSebuli maqsimaluri koncentraciaa(mg. m3)dabinZurebis yvela wyaros erTobliobidan;

z.d.k.m-Sesabamisi mavne nivTierebebis maqsimaluri erTjeradi zRvrulad dasaSvebi koncentraciaa, mg.m3.

atmosferul haerSi erTdroulad ramdenime jamuri zemoqmedebis mqone mavne nivTierebis arsebobisas unda sruldebodes Semdegi piroba:




sadac Cm1, Cm2,Cm.n-atmosferos miwispira fenis erTi da imave adgilas mavne nivTierebebis gaangariSebuli maqsimaluri koncentraciebia, mg/m3;

z.d.k.m1,z.d.k.m2,z.d.k.mn-mavne nivTierebis Sesabamisi maqsimaluri erTjeradi zRvrulad dasaSvebi koncentraciaa, mg3.

im mavne nivTierebebisaTvis, romlebisTvisac jer kidev ar aris dadgenili maqsimaluri erTjeradi z.d.k-is normebi, dasaSvebia maT magivrad droebiT gamoyenebuli iqnes saSualo dReRamuri z.d.k-is aTmagi normebi, xolo maTi, ar arsebobis SemTxvevaSi `mavne nivTierebebis zemoqmedebis saorientacio usafrTxoebis donis mniSvnelobebi.`

atmosferul haerSi fonuri koncentraciis (Cf) arsebobis SemTxvevaSi formula(1)-Si magivrad unda aviRoT Cm+Cr xolo formula (2)-Si Cm1, Cm2,........Cmn-is magivrad Cm.1+Cf.1,Cm2+Cf..2........Cm.n+Cf.n

fonuri koncentraciis mniSvnelobebi dgindeba hidrometeorologiuri samsaxuris mier atmosferos dabinZurebis dakvirvebebis postebze regularuli dakvirvebebis monacemebis safuzvelze.

angariSi atmosferos dabinZurebisa, gamowveuli calkeuli wertilovani dabinZurebis wyarodan mavne nivTierebaTa gafrqvevebiT

1. mavne nivTierebebis miwispira koncentraciis maqsimaluri mniSvneloba (mg/m3), romelic miiRweva araxelsayreli meteorologiur pirobebSi calkeuli wertilovani mrgvali milyelis mqone dabinZurebis wyarodan gaxurebuli airhaerovani narevis gafrqvevisas am wyarodan daSorebul Xm(m) manZilze, ganisazRvreba formuliT:


(1)

sadac:

A_atmosferos temperaturuli stratifikaciis koeficientia (wm2/3, 0C1/2, mg/g), saqarTvels pirobebisaTvis –A=200

M-drois erTeulSi atmosferoSi gafrqveuli mavne nivTierebebis masaa, (g/wm). igi ganisazRvreba angariSiT mocemul sawarmosaTvis (procesebisTvis) dadgenili normativebis safuZvelze;

atmosferul haerSi mavne nivTiererbebis daleqvis siCqaris uganzomilebo koeficientia. airovani mavne nivTierebebis da mcire dispersiuli aerozolebisaTvis (mtveri, nacari) F=1; msxvildispersiuli mtvrisa da zolebisaTvis roca gawmendis koeficientis saSualo eqspluataciuri mniSvneloba >90%-ze, maSin F=2; roca am koeficientis mniSvneloba moTavsebulia 75%-sa da 90%-s Soris, maSin F=2.5;roca am koeficientis mniSvneloba 75%-ze an saerTod ar warmoebs gawmenda, maSin F=3.

H-miwis zedapiridan gafrqvevis wyaros simaRlea (m);

-gafrqveuli airhaerovani narevis temperaturasa da garemo haeris temperaturas Soiris sxvaobaa (0C);

_ arhaerovani narevis gabnevaze adgilis reliefis gavlenis amsaxveli uganzomilo koeficientia. vake adgilisaTvis, rodesac adgilis niSnulis simaRlis vardna ar aRemateba 1km-ze 50 m-s, =1. danarCen SemTxvevebSi ganisazRvreba kartografiuli masalis safuZvelze, romelic asaxavs adgilis reliefs sawarmodan milis 50 simaRlis radiusis daSorebiT, magram aranakleb 2 km-isa. (-s mniSvneloba SeTanxmebuli unda iyos garemosa da bunebrivi resursebis dacvis saministrosTan).

V1_ airhaerovani narevis xarjia (m3/wm) romelic ganisazRvreba formuliT

(2)

sadac:
1   2   3   4   5   6   7

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