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|COLLEGE OF ARTS AND SCIENCES|
UNIVERSITY OF THE PHILIPPINES LOS BANOS
Proposal for the Institution of a GE Course
Under the Social Sciences and Philosophy Domain
THE LIFE AND WORKS OF JOSE RIZAL
In line with the commemoration of the 150th birth anniversary of Dr. Jose Rizal, it is a propitious occasion to integrate his life and works in the General Education Program of the University. He remains as the foremost exemplar of patriotism, intellectual prowess and self-cultivation. The UP Oblation is an enfleshment of certain parts of his poem “Mi Ultimo Adios”. From the nineteenth century, his writings molded to a great extent how we construct ourselves as a people. Rizal, in an almost single-handed way, articulated the new story for the Filipinos that departed from the repressive narrative of the unjust and powerful forces of his time. Therefore, students of the University who are fresh from their exposure to Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo in the secondary level of education are given an early encounter with the meaning and relevance of Rizal both as an inspiration and source of critical thought, nationalist perspective and humanistic approach to social issues and problems.
It is recognized that there is state sponsorship in the projection of his heroism through Republic Act 1425 (The Rizal Law). However, his significance depends on how we comprehend and operationalize the texts he advanced during his lifetime. Rizal gave importance to the role of the young as the prime movers of change and renewal in the country. He envisioned a national organization, the La Liga Filipina whose aim was to transform the people into a responsible and proactive citizenry. Rizal believed in the inherent strength of the Filipinos based on the freedom we enjoyed prior to colonial rule. He proposed the rejuvenation of the land and its people, the restoration of the Philippines to its previous condition in which harmony prevailed. Rizal referred to the country as the “Lost Eden”. As a national symbol, he is present in us through images, representations and actual writings. It is a beneficial activity to once more read him in the confines of the University which espouses liberal education and social obligation to serve the people. In the end, the validity of Rizal as “Iskolar ng Bayan at Para sa Bayan” will be imparted to the minds of the “fair hope” of the country--- the students of the University of the Philippines.
The course introduces the students to the wealth of Rizaliana materials, both primary and secondary and even into visual and contemporary artsforms like monuments, installations and museums. There is a virtual industry on the life and writings of Jose Rizal. Amidst all of these, the faculty should inspire the students that that they can be like Rizal who participated in the social and political processes through what University Professor Emeritus Gemino Abad referred to as the crucial infinitives in life which are “to read, to think, to write”. The process or the delivery mode becomes important to the success of the course as part of the general education program. In broad terms, it is facilitated through a learner-centered approach in which the lecturer gives the broad outline of a particular topic and then the students with their recitation faculty interact in a dialogical manner through concept mapping, debates, writing of essays, critiquing of films and other historical sources and reading of actual works of Jose Rizal. As an additional teaching strategy, educational trips are useful inasmuch as UP Los Banos is in the circumference where Rizal spent his formative years and place of martyrdom. Descendants of the national hero and highly acclaimed scholars will be invited in various fora and symposia as resource persons to provide the necessary diversity of opinion regarding Rizal and on how to apply his ideas and concepts in real life situations.
The faculty members who are tasked to teach the course will be holding periodic in-house conversations and workshops. Notable scholars can be brought to UP Los Banos to share with the faculty their recent research undertakings. The lecturer and the recitation faculty should coordinate and synchronize their schedules prior to the semester of teaching.
There should be a diagnostic exam at the start of the semester to acquaint the faculty on the level of knowledge of the students. This is also meant to check the degree of retention of the students in terms of what they have acquired when they studied the novels of Rizal in high school. At the end of the semester, a similar testing will be conducted to determine the effectiveness of the course. The formulation of the questionnaires is necessarily an interdisciplinary matter. The faculty teaching the course should coordinate with those in Psychology, Sociology and Statistics.
The student should be able to locate intersections between “two lives”, that of Rizal and the nation, thus his biography is only a subset of Philippine history, the course therefore is only a means to an end and not an end in itself, the greater end is the instilling of nationalism and sense of heroism, the life of Jose Rizal becomes an entry point for the student to critically understand the formation of identity of the Filipinos.
At the end of the course, the students are expected to be able to:
1. Identify the highlights of Rizal’s biography,
2. Summarize the major writings of Rizal,
3. Contextualize Rizal’s life within the 19th century Philippines,
4. Differentiate Rizal the person from Rizal the hero,
5. Evaluate the importance of Rizal’s contribution to nation-building, and
6. Asses the significance of symbols in strengthening national solidarity and sense of community.
I. Heroism and Nationalism in the Philippine Setting 3
A. Bayani as term and concept from Northern Philippines to Southern Philippines
B. Review of Philippine Epics
C. Republic Act 1425
D. Definition of a Hero by the National Heroes Commission
II. A Review of The Nineteenth Century Philippines: 1801 to 1900 3
III. The Study of Rizal as an Individual 12
IV. The Study of Rizal as a Knowledge Producer 18
(Review and Citation of Rizal’s Writings following the four headings that are listed below; the sources are his Novels, Essays, Letters, Poems, Short Stories, Translations, Folklore, Manifestos, Constitution and By-laws and Autobiography)
V. The Study of Rizal as a National Symbol 9
VI. Integration: The Rewriting of Rizal’s “The Philippines A Century Hence”, 2011-2111 3
Agoncillo, Teodoro. Revolt of the Masses:The Story of Bonifacio and the Katipunan. Quezon City: University of the Philippines, 1956.
_______________. History of the Filipino People. Malaya Books, 1990
Alaras, Consolacion. Pamathalaan: Ang Pagbubukas sa Tipan ng Mahal na Ina. Quezon City: Bahay-Saliksikan ng Kasaysayan, 1988.
Almario, Virgilio. Panitikan ng Rebolusyong 1896: Isang Paglingon at Katipunan ng mga Akda nina Bonifacio at Jacinto. Quezon City: University of the Philippines Press, 1993.
_____________. Si Rizal: Nobelista (Pagbasa sa Noli at Fili Bilang Nobela). Quezon City: The University of the Philippines Press, 2008.
Anderson, Benedict. Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism. Pasig City: Anvil Publishing, 2003.
_________________. The Spectre of Comparisons: Nationalism, Southeast Asia and the World. New York: Verso, 2002.
_________________. Under Three Flags: Anarchism and the Anti-Colonial Imagination. Pasig City: Anvil Publishing Inc., 2006.
Arcilla, Jose. Rizal and the Emergence of the Philippine Nation. Quezon City: Ateneo University Press, 2001.
Bonoan, Raul. Rizal-Pastells Correspondence. Quezon City: Ateneo de Manila University Press, 1994.
Coates, Austin. Rizal - Filipino Nationalist and Patriot. Manila: Solidaridad Publishng House, 1968
Constantino, Renato. The Philippines: A Past Revisited. Manila: The Author, 1975.
Daroy, Petronilo and Dolores Feria (eds.). Rizal: Contrary Essays. Quezon City: Guro Books, 1968.
David, Randolf. Nation, Self and Citizenship: An Invitation to Philippine Sociology. Quezon City: Sociology, College of Social Sciences and Philosophy, University of the Philipppines, 2002.
dela Costa, Horacio (ed., trans. and anno.) The Trial of Rizal: W.E. Retana’s Transcription of the Official Spanish Documents. Quezon City: Ateneo de Manila University Press, 1961.
Eugenio, Damiana(comp. and ed.) The Epics. Quezon City: University of the Philippines Press, 2001.
Fast, Jonathan and Jim Richardson. Roots of Dependency. Quezon City: Foundation for Nationalist Studies, 1979.
Galam, Roderick G. The Promise of the Nation: Gender, History, and Nationalism in Contemporary Ilokano Literature. Quezon City: Ateneo de Manila University Press, 2008.
Guerrero, Leon Ma. The First Filipino. Manila: National Historical Institute, 1963.
Hau, Caroline. Necessary Fictions: Philippine Literature and the Nation,1946-1980. Quezon City: Ateneo de Manila University Press, 2000.
____________. On the Subject of the Nation: Filipino Writings from the Margins 1981 to 2004. Quezon City: Ateneo de Manila University Press, 2004.
Hessel, Eugene. The Religious Thought of Jose Rizal. Quezon City: New Day, 1983.
Ikehata, Setsuho. “Jose Rizal: The Development of the National View of History and National Consciousness of the Philippines”. The Developing Economies. 6, no. 2 (June 1968): 176-192.
Ileto, Reynaldo. Pasyon and Revolution: Popular Movements in the Philippines, 1840-1910. Quezon City: Ateneo de Manila University Press, 1979.
____________. Filipino and Their Revolution: Event, Discourse, and Historiography. Quezon City: Ateneo de Manila University Press, 1998.
Joaquin, Nick. A Question of Heroes. Pasig City: Anvil Publishing, Inc., 2005.
Jose Rizal National Centennial Commision. The Rizal-Blumentritt Correspondence, Vol. 1. Manila: National Historical Institute, 1992.
Lumbera, Bienvenido (ed.) Paano Magbasa ng Panitikang Filipino: Mga Babasahing Pangkolehiyo. Quezon City: University of the Philippine Press, 2000.
Majul, Cesar. The Political and Constitutional Ideas of the Philippine Revolution. Quezon City: University of the Philippines Press, 1967.
McCoy, Alfred (ed.).Lives at the Margins: Biography of Filipinos Obscure, Ordinary, and Heroic. Quezon City: Ateneo de Manila University Press, 2000.
Menez, Herminia. Explorations in Philippine Folklore. Quezon City: Ateneo de Manila University, 1997.
Melendrez - Cruz, Patricia and Apolonio Chua (eds.) Himalay: Kalipunan ng mga Pag-aaral kay Jose Rizal. Manila : Sentrong Pangkultura ng Pilipinas, 1991.
Mojares, Resil. Waitingfor Mariang Makiling: Essays in Philippine Cultural History. Quezon City: Ateneo de Manila University Press, 2002.
Nolasco, Ricardo.”Ang Pinagmulan ng Salitang Bayani”. Diliman Review. 45, 2-3 (1997): 15-18.
Ocampo, Ambeth. Rizal Without the Overcoat. Pasig City: Anvil Publishing inc., 1990.
__________. Makamisa: The Search for Rizal’s Third Novel. Pasig City: Anvil Publishing, Inc., 1992.
Ocampo, Nilo. May Gawa na Kaming Natapus Dini: Si Rizal at ang Wikang Tagalog. Quezon City: Office of the Vice Chancellor for Research and Development, University of the Philippines, Diliman, 2002.
Quibuyen, Floro C. “Rizal and Filipino Nationalism: Critical Issues”. Philippine Studies. 50, no. 2 (2002): 193-229.
_____________. A Nation Aborted - Rizal, American Hegemony, and Philippine Nationalism. Quezon City: Ateneo de Manila University Press, 2008.
Quirino, Carlos. The Great Malayan. Manila: Tahanan Books, 1997.
Radaic, Ante. Rizal. Jose Rizal: Romantico, Realista: Isang Pagsusuring Pampanitikan ng Noli Me Tangere atEl Filibusterimo. Isinalin ni Trinidad O. Regala. Pinamatgunutan ni Apolonia B. Chua. Quezon City: University of the Philippine Press, 1999.
Rafael, Vicente. Contracting Colonialism: Translation and Christian Conversion in Tagalog Society under Early Spanish Rule. Quezon City: Ateneo de Manila University Press, 1988.
____________.The Promise of the Foreign: Nationalism and the Techniques of Translation in the Spanish. Pasig City: Anvil Publishing Inc., 2006.
Rajaretnam, M. (ed.) Jose Rizal and the Asian Renaissance. Kuala Lumpur and Manila: Institut Kajian Dasar and Solidaridad Pubishing House, 1996.
Reyes, Raquel. Love, Passion and Patriotism: Sexuality and the Philippine Propaganda Movement, 1882-1892. Quezon City: Ateneo de Manila University Press, 2009.
Rizal, Jose. Rizal’s Prose. Manila: National Historical Institute, 1962.
__________. Political and Historical Writings. Manila: Natioal Historical Institute, 1964.
__________. Noli Me Tangere (trans. by SL Locsin)Manila: Bookmark, 1996.
__________. El Filibusterismo (trans. by SL Locsin) Manila: Bookmark, 1996.
Salazar, Zeus. Ang Bayani Bilang Sakripisyo: Pag-aanyo ng Pagkabayani sa Agos ng Kasaysayang Pilipino." Mimeographed typescript.1994.
San Juan, E. "The Discourse of the Other: A Reading of Rizal's Novels." In Toward a People's Literature. Quezon City: University of the Philippines Press, 1984.
__________. Rizal in Our Time. Pasig City: Anvil Publishing Inc., 1997.
Schumacher, John N., SJ. “Rizal and Filipino Nationalism: A New Approach”. Philippine Studies. 48, no. 4 (2002): 549-71.
Stompka, Piotr. “Great Individuals as Agents of Change”. In The Sociology of Social Change. Massachusetts, USA: Blackwell, 1993.
Zaide, Gregorio and Sonia Zaide. Jose Rizal: Buhay, Mga Ginawa at mga Sinulat, Manunulat, Siyentipiko, at Pambansang Bayani. Quezon City: All Nations Publishing, 1984.
Microphones with stand
The following films are available for purchase:
Bayaning Third World
Jose Rizal (GMA 7)
Rizal sa Dapitan
I Witness Documentaries
From the Department of Social Sciences, College of Arts and Sciences:
Boncocan, Rhina A. M Philippine Studies
Boro-Magbanua, Ma. Reina MA Women and Development
Brillo, Bing Baltazar MA Political Science
Castro, April Hope T. MA Asian Studies
Comandante, Bonifacio Jr. PhD Cosmic Anthropology
Costelo, Ross BA History
Diestro, Dwight David A. M Philippine Studies
Ferrer, Amelia S. MA History
Ligero, Jeffrey James BA History
Lopez, Charlene Joy BA Political Science-History
Mata, Roberto C. MA Philippine Studies
Santos, Antonio L. PhD Philippine Studies